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Hellas as a Member of the European Union

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Hellas as a Member of the European Union

20101125-64

by
Dr. Ioannis N. Kallianiotis
Economics/Finance Department
The Arthur J. Kania School of Management
University of Scranton
Scranton, PA 18510-4602U.S.A.

E-Mail: jnk353 at scranton.edu


<<JO a[nqrwpo~ prevpei nav fqavsh/ eij~ thvn kavqarsin,
eij~ tovn fwtismovn kai; eij~ thvn teleivwsin.>>

{Agio~ Dionuvsio~ oJ jAreopagivth~

 

JEL (Classification): D6, F15, J64, N01, P52

Key Words:

Economic Welfare
Economic Integration
Unemployment
Economic History
Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

 


November 2010

 

 

Hellas as a Member of the European Union

 

ABSTRACT

 

This paper explores the political economy of Greece (Hellas) since the Treaty of Rome (1957) up to her European integration and today with the common currency, the global financial crisis, the European debt crisis, the enormous austerity imposed by the EU and IMF; and discusses some of the advantages and problems that the current European (and the prospective Euro-Asian) Union has created to all European citizens. The most severe difficulties are the social chaos, which is increasing every day, due to the overvalued euro, the enormous debt and deficit, the current financial crisis, and the worst recession since the great depression of 1929-1930; also, the economic and political corruption, which are underrated by the officials, the European Constitution, and the tremendous uncertainty that this artificial and controlled “creature” has generated to its member-nations and their citizens. Europe has a unique seven thousand years old history, which comes from ancient Greek (Hellenic) civilization and is complemented by Christianity. Greece, in her journey, experienced many difficulties, conflicts, and invasions by barbarians and other neighboring countries. But at the same time, many good and glorious periods with tremendous contribution to the global scene are recorded. Even though that the new Greek nation started the war of independence from Turks in 1821, major parts of the country are still under occupation. Lately, after the political changeover of 1974, the European integration has destroyed the sovereign nation-state and it is ruling undemocratically not only Greece, but an entire continent. EU has lowered the European indigenous cultures to a uniform sub-culture of waste, dependency, and apostasy. Greece, due to her history, idiosyncrasy, and values should have not become a member of the Euro-zone. Of course, it is never late; she can leave the EMU right now.

 

 

I. PROLOGUE

 

My objective in this paper is to provide an outline of the political economy of Greece (JEllav~) during the modern times and up to the creation of the European Union (EU) and the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). Also, a socio-economic analysis by considering her interdependence with EU, her loss of public policies, and her absorbed sovereignty is pointed out for instructive purpose. Europe and “European Union” are nowadays two very political words and we will try to see what they have in common. The answer is that Europe has been different things at different times, but so far preserving the nation-states, and has caused similar problems all the times. But, EU and EMU are new political “innovations” going against the member-nations. The goal of the study is to present and to emphasize the severe changes that have taken place in this EU country-member after the 1957 Common Market idea. Of course, history and political economy now get less attention among economists and at Business Schools, than it was once the case and that makes current economies more vulnerable compared to the past ones because they do not learn from their mistakes. Human beings are making history and most of the time, do so unconsciously. Hellenic history took its unique direction (with the “Providence of God”) because the country occupies an incomparable position and her people have a particular objective, which is to offer some possibilities to all humans to become persons (perfect personalities). It is very hard to describe truthfully, and impossible to analyze the contribution of Greeks and their nation to European history and at the same time to rationalize her submission without any resistance to EMU.1 “The most important of them are to be found in ancient Greece, the world the Romans made, early Christianity, [the spiritual and guarded by God Byzantine Empire],2 and the barbarian incursions into Western Europe in the closing of antiquity. Between them, they constituted the foundations of a future Europe.”3

In brief, proposals for some kind of supranational organization in Europe have become increasingly frequent since 1945 and have been issued from ever more influential and suspicious sources. The proposals spring from unidentified and strange motives that they do not want to make them public because they are afraid of citizens’ reactions. What they maintain as motives for the public are political and economic. On the one hand, the political motive, manifested somewhat tenuously in the Council of Europe, is rooted in the belief that only through supranational organization can the threat of war between European powers be permanently eradicated. Some proponents of European political unity further believe that the compact nation-state of the past is now outmoded; if the nations of Europe are to resume their role in world affairs, they must be able to speak with one voice and have at their command resources and manpower comparable with those of superpowers.4 So far, the U.S. and other powers do not allow this to happen in European Union. On the other hand, the economic motive rests upon the argument that larger markets will promote greater specialization and increased competition, thus higher productivity and standards of living. But, countries have different value systems, work ethics, and objective in life, and they cannot be equalized. Unfortunately, nothing of these has happened. So far the cost of integration has exceeded the benefits for the Europeans.5 Citizens have lost their jobs, due to competition from the other country-members. Prices have increased because of the common market, goods are moving to markets with higher prices and to attract them you have to pay the same high prices. An overvalued common currency6 has destroyed exports, foreign investments, tourism, and many other activities. Salaries are completely different among the members and poor nations cannot afford to acquire these highly priced goods and services. Finally, illegal immigrants, drug dealers, terrorists,7 anarchists,8 international mafia, every corrupted person, and every kind of criminality move freely from one nation to the other because borders have been abolished. Greece is facing all these evils of the Union and in a higher degree relative to the other members because of her extended borders and her thousands of islands.9

Finally, the two world wars and the communist war (summoritopovlemo~) of the 20th century, with their accompanying horrors, show the weaknesses, the poverty, and the malice of our controlled leaders, who have accepted some inferior philosophies and heresies10 and try to impose them on peoples and sovereign nations through wars, integrations, and globalization. All these will fail because above their actions is a “Divine Providence”, who guides humanity. These pseudo-leaders did and unfortunately continue to do, much to undermine the security, the safety, the stability, the faith, the culture, the paideia (language, history, education, etc.), the hope, and the progress of Greeks11 and the other Europeans. Furthermore, while advances in science, increases in material wealth and goods, and progresses in technology greatly improved the material quality of life, they also increased the uncertainties, the unhappiness, and the threats confronting humanity, and they are becoming worse day after day. As a consequence of these experiences of the 20th and the new 21st century, people and especially young are completely disoriented, without traditional values, misinformed, without teachers, and without true models. Of course, every individual must be optimistic and work hard to become a true person, independently of what the rest of the world is doing. The same must hold for a nation; Greece must work hard by using her recourses, her civilization (her comparative advantage), and her peoples to reach the highest welfare, according to her value system and independently from this forced integration of Europe and the austerities imposed by EU and IMF.

 

II. FROM THE TREATY OF ROME TO THE PRESENT EUROPEAN UNION

 

  1. The Creation of the European Economic Community

 

The “Holy Roman Empire’s” suspicious revival started again in 1957 (including as founding members those areas it had in the 8th century), which will destroy the independence, the sovereignty, and the identity of so many European nations that are not Franks and share completely different values and beliefs; and above all they do not want to be part of this “New Empire”, the prototype of the “Global Empire” (the global slavery of humanity). The grandiose plan (pushed by communists, liberals, and enemies of Europe’s) is, now, to expend this Christian “European Union” to the allodox Asians (Turkey),12 and soon to other continents. Obviously, a non-European plan, imposed on Europeans.

After World War I and II, European imperialism and colonialism started declining. Nationalism became the new idea globally. In 1948 Jews with the help of Britain and the United States proclaimed the State of Israel and made Chaim Weizmann president and David Ben-Gurion premier.13 The Zionism movement started in the beginning of 20th century by a Jew, Theodor Herzl (1860-1904), in Austria and was “successful”. Also, the barbarism of Englishmen is old and big towards all the nations and people, Irishmen (IRA),14 Cypriots (EOKA)15 and others, but they are over protecting towards Jews and Turks. Their policies towards EU are pro-American and anti-European, too. Then, when World War II ended in 1945, the prospects for Western Europe appeared dim. Millions of people had been killed, and property damage had been immense. Beneath the ruins, however, there lay the potential for a spectacular economic recovery and a strengthening for their sovereignty of all European nations. This economic recovery came in 1960s and 1970s, but with the movement towards European integration, the members’ autarky and national sovereignties have been negatively effaced; thus, the future for European States and their citizens seems uncertain.16

Following World War II, the idea of economic integration was promoted in Western Europe. Who were these people and what was their ultimate objective of this experiment is still unknown.17 The world is waiting to see the conclusion of this union of nations, peoples, cultures, dogmas, histories, economies, politics, and civilizations.18 The majority of Europeans are very skeptical and anxious for the future of their continent and of their nations.19 In 1950, Jean Monnet (1888-1979) convinced Premier Robert Schuman (1886-1963) to support a plan for the integration of the coal and steel industries of France and West Germany. Negotiations on the Schuman Plan led to the establishment in 1951 of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). The ECSC included France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. The success of the ECSC helped advance an even bolder proposal developed by Monnet. In 1957,20 the six members of the ECSC signed the Treaty of Rome establishing the European Economic Community (EEC), known as the Common Market. The members of this Common Market committed themselves to eliminate trade barriers and to promote free movement of capital and labor.

Thus, the Common Market treaty took effect on January 1, 1958 and on July 1, 1968, all tariffs between member nations were completely eliminated; several years earlier than the date originally foreseen. In 1961, Britain signified its willingness to enter the Common Market if certain conditions could be met, but in January 1963, president de Gaulle of France in effect vetoed Britain’s membership, an action he repeated in 1967 and 1969. The accession of Britain, Ireland, and Denmark took effect on January 1, 1973. Greece acceded to the Community on January 1, 1981, without a referendum,21 and Spain and Portugal on January 1, 1986. On January 1, 1995, the EU-12 became EU-15, with the accession of Austria, Finland, and Sweden.22 On May 1, 2004 ten new members joined the Union: Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Cyprus, and Malta. Lately, on January 1, 2007, Romania and Bulgaria became EU members, reaching the implausible number of EU-27. More than half a dozen nations are waiting for their acceptance to the Union.

Of course, what is obvious in Europe is the accelerated pace of change, by borrowing money, scientific and technological progress, infrastructures, etc., which has affected Greece and its debt, too; but nothing happened on the social, educational or spiritual side of Europeans. The increasing influence of the United States in world affairs, especially after the fall of communism, notably in the two world wars and the Korean war, is very drastic to Europe. American methods, fashions, music, language, politics, economics, education, American slang expressions (catchwords), technology, culture, patterns of behavior began to be imitated in Europe. The Americanization of the European society is obvious23 and globalization is doing “very well” except for the people on whom it has been applied. In the future, European generations will face many problems, due to integration and globalization. Are they going to retain their freedom? Are they going to retain their basic Hellenic-Christian values? Are they going to retain their seven thousand years old civilization and identity? Non-Christian, oriental “values” have started having a significant influence on Western and Greek civilization. Oriental and pagan religions have influenced religious thought and expression in the contemporary secular West. The creation of a new non-European and non-Orthodox civilization and value system, which will affect negatively mostly Greece, is a matter of a few decades or one generation because of the uncontrolled illegal migration. The current trend towards a global civilization will destroy all civilizations. These cultural, religious, and social mixtures will pose a serious threat to the future of the true human civilization. Revelation and Truth are the biggest enemies of this current cultural assimilation, human amalgamation, and individuals’ apostasy. Historical memory requires Greeks to honor their national heroes and martyrs who have enlightened the past, so the nation can continue its existence in the future.

 

(ii) The Dreadful Economic and Monetary Union

 

The Maastricht Treaty was signed in February 1992, but it, then, had to be ratified by all the member-states. This process went “well” because the state governments did not hold a referendum for ratification of the treaty by their citizens.24 Denmark voted "no" on June 2, 1992 in a referendum and then the following day France announced that it would hold a referendum. Eleven years later, on September 14, 2003, Sweden had a referendum and 56.2% said “no” to the EMU.25 Unfortunately, in September 1992, there was a crisis, which resulted in the pound sterling and Italian lira leaving the system and at the same time peseta was devaluing by 5 percent. Also, in August 1993, there was a further crisis, in which even currencies with sound fundamentals were attacked. The EC, under this pressure, broaden the fluctuation bands within the ERM to 15% from 2.25%. Thus, the original plan in this area has gone well off track, but they did not plan to abandon it. For this monetary union to begin on January 1, 1999, prior to 1999 (on December 31, 1997), a majority of countries should have met the five criteria (gross government debt/GDP, budget deficit/GDP, 10-year government bond yield, inflation rate, and ERM member)26 established by the Maastricht Treaty. Nevertheless, in 1999, according to the treaty, EMU would commence for those countries, which had converged (however it looked, they were only very few, actually, Luxembourg and France), but eleven of them had been confirmed by the European Commission. The twelfth country (Greece) joined a little later and the thirteenth one (Slovenia) became an EMU member on January 1, 2007. Cyprus and Malta qualified in 2007 and were admitted on January 1, 2008. Slovakia qualified in 2008 and joined on January 1, 2009. At the moment there are 16 member states with over 326 million people in the euro-zone.27

The European Union has to develop a "social dimension" together with the "social free market" model, which must be regulated, because of the Maastricht treaty and its serious unemployment, inflation, and recession problems that it experiences since the integration. During the 1960-73 periods up until the first oil price shock, the average annual level of unemployment was around 2.6% with an economic growth rate of 4.8%.28 Between 1974 and 1985 the unemployment rate rose to 10.8% by 1985, while economic growth dropped back to 2%. In the period 1989-90, with an increase in economic growth to 3.2%, the unemployment rate dropped to 8.3% in 1990.29 In the meantime, it can hardly be said that there have been dramatic improvements in the EU unemployment situation because in 2003 it was over 9% with an economic growth of 0.5% for the Euro Area.30 Today (Fall 2010), the unemployment is 10.10% and in Greece must be double digits up to 40% in some regions; and the real GDP growth was negative (-4.2%) in 2009 (deep recession) all over Europe (except in Germany and France that started a weak recovery). In 2010, it is forecasted as 1%. The underground economy is thriving and the unfair distribution of wealth is broadening even in the Orthodox Greece. The integration has increased unemployment further as Roberts (1996, p. 205) has said. Also, the reduction of National Debt, through privatization of public enterprises, has contributed to the growth of unemployment.31 The uncontrolled illegal migration has caused, except a high crime and unemployment, too32 and it would be worse in the near future, due to the current financial crisis.

Their objective is towards a closer union and nothing else, which can be attained with the abolition of the national constitutions. Then, after many rejections and oppositions towards a European Constitution, the undemocratic European Union froze this unpopular “creature” for two years and by making a few minor changes, they brought it back with the name, “The Reform Treaty of the EU” (Treaty of Lisbon, actually this is the same “European Constitution”),33 which was finalized at an informal Lisbon summit on October 19, 2007 by the 27 leaders. This new treaty was signed on December 13, 2007 and then was ratified by the parliaments of the country-members. They were afraid that all Europeans were going to vote against the new treaty and for this reason they did not allow citizens to participate in “EU democratic decisions”.34 European citizens are in their most dreadful moment in their entire history so far. Of course, their future will be worse with the trend that the EU is following daily. The Treaty does not determine the geographical region of the European Union. Their covered objective is “one nation, one government” and not the European Union. This Union-Trap will enslave humanity globally very soon.35 Unfortunately for Europeans, Poland’s parliament was the first that voted for ratification of the EU’s “New Treaty” on April 1, 2008.36 On June 12, 2008, Ireland held a referendum on this “Lisbon Treaty”, which was a stripped-down for the renamed constitution (53% voted against it).37 Greece did not have any referendum.38 Unfortunately for Europeans, EU does not hold referenda; otherwise there will be no Union today. Democratic rules do not hold in this new “creature”, the EU.

It is encouraging that Britain, Denmark, and Sweden did not join the EMU and many British believe that the U.K. will never join the euro-zone. The U.K. Independence Party wants Britain to withdraw from the EU, too. Joining EMU, a country might produce lower inflation,39 cheaper credit,40 and a stable exchange rate (actually, an overvalued common currency), but this union can hurt their economies because they lose their public policies and their independence; they do not have their own currency that they could pursue an effective trade policy, too. By staying out of the EMU, they can achieve all these objectives with sound domestic policies and can enjoy the sovereignty of their nations. People have given their lives for seven thousand years for their independence and freedom and now they surrender them without any reaction.41 Something must be wrong with our generation; it must be completely degenerated. A big economic risk in joining EMU lies in vulnerability to Europe-wide policies that are not appropriate for an individual country’s economic conditions. Each country has its own needs, its own social structure, and its own business cycle. The common interest rate and common currency have a destabilizing effect. EU was pressing Greece to impose property tax of 9% on the first home of her citizens. Greece had no property taxes, but now, due to the enormous deficit, it imposed a tax on Greeks’ properties.42 It seems that capitalism is gradually imitating communism; we are going to end up without property with all these duties, compulsory insurance, and taxes on ownership of homes and on other physical assets (dwellings).43

Lastly, the conclusion is that European citizens and the leaders of the country-members of the EMU do not rule their own countries anymore. With its regulations, EMU unilaterally revoked the sovereignty of states that made the mistake to join the Euro-zone. This is the econo-monetary “culture” that independent domestic economic and monetary policy must be forcefully rejected and the country must pay high fines. Its directives have become economic “doctrines” and the leading countries have their “visions” for the future of these poor Europeans, who became members, even without their will. This “vision” is the “vision” of destroying the sovereign nations of Europe. For this reason, there is no support from European citizens towards this “vision of integration” and they see that their leaders are liars and puppets. Countries cannot follow EU’s orders! Historic Greece is the number one victim of this nightmarish “vision”.

 

III. THE LATEST PROBLEMS FROM THE LOST PUBLIC POLICY

 

Today, the 27-nation EU, with more than 500 million people, is the world’s largest economic area, but it is insignificant politically and noncompetitive in trade. Its key economic sectors are: metals production and processing, petroleum, coal, cement, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, aerospace, rail equipment, vehicles, construction and industrial equipment, shipbuilding, electric equipment, machine tools, manufacturing systems, electronics, communications, food and beverage processing, tourism, media, and financial services. Agricultural products include wheat, barley, oilseeds, olives, olive oil, sugar beets, wine, grapes, dairy products, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and poultry.44 Greece produces all these agricultural products, but competition from abroad (mostly Asia and Africa) has reduced producers’ (wholesale) prices below cost and farmers’ income is declining and their products are unsold in warehouses. Goods exports include machinery, vehicles, aircraft, plastics, pharmaceuticals, fuels, metals, pulp and paper, textiles, meat, dairy products, and fruits and vegetables. Imported goods include machinery, vehicles, aircraft, plastics, crude oil, chemicals, textiles, metals, and food. Leading EU trading partners are the U.S., China, Japan, and Switzerland.45 As it is mentioned below, with its free trade with China and its lease for 35 years of the seaport of Piraeus,46 Greece faces the most unfair competition of all times, even the entire EU economy is in serious problems; it is gravely risking its future prosperity and its citizens’ welfare. On November 8, 2006 the Commission approved the Strategy Paper and the candidate countries’ (Croatia, Skopje,47 Turkey) and potential candidate countries’ (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, and Kosovo) progress reports on their road towards the EU.48 Of course, “the number of other nations now approaching or knocking at the entry door of the Community was at the very least evidence of the material advantages outsiders could see in membership.”49

All the recent trends in EU (increase in taxes, raise of the value-added tax, weakening the power of labor unions, reducing subsidies, developing new sources of energy, shifting some of the burden of health insurance from employers to households, increasing the number of years for work, etc.) and many others that are coming are against the poor European citizens. It seems that all parties in EU became controlled neo-liberals (market oriented and acting against the social interest of their countries) and very corrupted.50 The German and other country-members’ budget deficits are above the Euro-zone limit, but for big countries the pressure from the chairman of the Euro-zone finance ministers (Jean-Claude Juncker) is small. The opposite happens to small countries like Greece; they suffer from the ECOFIN pressure and they have to take inhumane austerity measures.

Unfortunately, on November 24, 2008, the Chinese President made an official visit in Greece. He signed an agreement to lease for 35 years the seaport of Piraeus (the harbor of Athens).51 Chinese will invade and occupy Greece! Greece is selling everything to foreigners and soon will be in major socio-economic crisis.52 The EU cut by 50% the subsidies to tobacco growers (farmers) and gradually, it will eliminate all subsidies.53 This will have a tremendous negative effect on the Greek economy because tobacco is the main agricultural product in many poor regions of the country. The EU policy is destroying the agricultural and manufacturing sectors;54 Europe is becoming a service economy and for this reason the late financial crisis has a drastic effect on all country-members (PIIGGS).55 The unemployment is a very serious problem for Greece. A businessman from Thessaloniki said that the unemployment in the area was 20%.56 The OECD is predicted a very high unemployment in Greece (it seems like 15.5% at the moment with regions of 40% unemployment rate).57 Of course, one major fiscal problem of the country is the tax evasion by the wealthy people and professionals.58 Privatization,59 outsourcing, the moving of firms in countries with lower cost of production, and the illegal migration are some causes of high unemployment in the country. Many people are selling their cars in a flea market in Schisto, outside of Athens at half a price, just to make a little cash because they cannot afford to maintain them, due to the gas prices and the financial crisis. Imported crime (mostly from Albania and other Muslims),60 anarchism, and terrorism is another serious issue for the Greek society.

Lastly, the revenue of small businesses declined in EU by 40% in 2004 and became worse in 2008-2010. Thousands of small businesses in Greece went bankrupt during the last five years and the reason is the “invasion” of Chinese in Europe. Companies also move to other countries to lower labor costs. EU and Greece cannot compete with these countries and her hundreds of years old textile industry disappears, creating thousands of unemployed workers.61 Of course, the worst thing that has happened to EU country-members is the loss of their sovereignty, their independence; they are enslaved without providing any resistance, which is uncommon in human and Greek history for seven thousands years. What happens to these European citizens? Are they sound in their minds? This controlled EU asked Greece to pay as penalty 1.5 billion euros because she was subsidizing Olympic Airlines and it asserted that this practice had created unfair competition to the other EU airlines.62 Then, the arrogant EU tells to nations what will be their domestic public policy, social welfare, safety, security, legislation, employment conditions, retirement, education, tradition, and value system. Greeks and EU citizens have to take some measures for this union before it will be too late for them and for their future generations. Politicians in country-members cannot do anything because they have been enslaved from the glory of the power or they are just betrayers of their own citizens.63

 

IV. EUROPEAN EXPANSION, WEST’S ACTIONS

AND THEIR NEGATIVE EFFECTS ON GREECE

 

Unfortunately, Greece’s foreign policy has become a policy of retreat and servility; also EU does not have a European foreign policy and a security policy; it is divided into small powerless member-states and is manipulated; presently by the U.S. and later will be by some other power and it has the illusion that it is free. A main example can be the case of Yugoslavia, which has created serious other problems; like, Kosovo, “Great Albania”, Muslim countries in Balkans (sic), and the famous “Macedonian Question”, with the arrogant Slavs of the South region of former Yugoslavia, Vardarska, which is having expansive prospects towards Greece, the true Macedonia.64 This artificial nation is constituted by 800,000 Albanians, 500,000 Bulgarians, 100,000 Serbs, 100,000 Gypsies, 250,000 Greeks, and 300,000 Muslims of various nationalities. How dare this mixture of people to call themselves as “Macedonians”?65 The most amazing was the alliance of Skopje with the enemies of Greece. Delegation from Skopje (Vardarska) went to North Cyprus (pseudo-state of Turks) to celebrate with these conquerors of the Greek Cyprus. Thus, supporters of the enemies of Greece are her north “friends”, the pseudo-“Macedonians”. This is a Sacrilegious or Unholy Alliance (ajnivero~ summaciva) among the enemies of the Hellenic Orthodox civilization and its unique true values. Of course, there will be no future of this fabrication! “Europe was felt, too, to have failed in its handling of the Yugoslav question, which it saw virtually taken out of its hands by American intervention at the end of 1995, and the deployment of NATO’s forces as peace-keepers in a way unanticipated by its founders. There were still then, therefore, major obscurities over the future of European integration.”66 Since, for more than half a century, the United States has been pursuing a grand imperial strategy with the aim of staking out the globe. The controlled U.S. leaders have shown themselves willing to follow the dream of dominance no matter how high the risks. Their politics are of global control (from unilateralism to the dismantling of international agreement to state terrorism) cohere in a drive for hegemony that ultimately threatens our existence.67

Further, European Union has been forced by the U.S. and other “powers” to invite a Muslim and Asian nation, Turkey, and to join a Christian union with completely different social and economic structure, culture, and identity. Europeans are all against this admission. From a few polls we can see that in France 67% of the people said “no” (fears fueled by France’s problems integrating its six million Muslims; they were also fearing that the Turkey issue would lead to defeat of EU constitution). In Germany 62% responded “no” (funding Turkey’s infrastructure would cost the EU too much; advocate a more limited partnership to keep Turkey tied to EU). In Austria the nays were 62%, too (Muslim Turkey is not compatible with largely Christian bloc, adding Turkey would make EU cumbersome).68 Greek political parties, due to pressure and ideology are in favor of Turkey’s accession to the EU. Chancellor Merkel visited Turkey on October 6, 2006 and asked the country to abide by the Protocol of Ankara (Turkey had to open its ports for Cyprus) and the Turkish prime minister was implacable.69 But, reality is very simple and it could reasonably be asked whether Turkey is a European country. The answer is “no”. Of course, Turkey is not a Christian nation and it is not even a democracy according to the western standards and violates daily the Greek borders in the Aegean Sea.70 In Greece, 85% of the people were against Turkey’s acceptance to the EU.71 Britain strongly favor Turkey’s entry because it has a major interest on Cyprus for its bases and Turkey’s occupation of the island satisfies this interest and the sales of the occupied land to Britons, even to members of the British Parliament.72 Also, Turkey’s accession would be a radical departure from the EU founding fathers’ vision of a geographically unified Christian Europe. Turkey is an Asian anti-Christian country and not a European one. The small area that it has in Europe belongs to Greece and it is still under Turkish occupation. Turkey can become the “wooden horse” of Muslim terrorists in Europe.73 A German well-known historian, Hans-Ulrich Wehler, sounded another alarm for Europe: “Would they ever assimilate?”74

Thus, with the fall of communism and the destruction of Yugoslavia (from one nation, they divided it into seven: Slovenia, Croatia,75 Bosnia-Herzegovina, Skopje, Kosovo,76 Montenegro, and Serbia); the dark powers have created three Muslim nations (actually, Turkish-Albanians) in Europe and have caused thousands of problems.77 Kosovo has been lost for Serbia with all these Albanians “occupiers” and its independence; Skopje is mostly controlled by Albanians and nationalist Slavs, who’s scope is to go against Greece by counterfeiting history and using Greek symbols; Albania with the support of the west, of Turkey, and of the other Muslim nations has become the audacious “superpower” in the region. On May 17, 1914, the Corfu Protocol was signed and was giving full administrative autonomy to North Epirus, but even today after 95 years nothing has happened and Greeks, there, are forced to leave or to abandon their identity. This nation, together with the other “creatures” of the dark powers in Balkans, want to become members in the EU and U.S. supports them, by making them, first, members of NATO. Stranger things are going on in a stranger union and Europeans will experience many serious problems in the near future.78 Also, Carla del Ponte, the chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunal for the Yugoslavia, admitted that the death of Milosevic was a serious blow to the moral state of the ICTY. A reporter from The Guardian revealed that in 1999, 300 Serbs were kidnapped from their homes in Pristina (Kosovo) by UCK (Kosovar-Albanian guerillas) and were brought to Albania, where they took out their organs and sold them for transplants. Carla del Ponte has written about this inhumane crime (genocide and slaughter of Serbs and trade of organs) in her book, too. This is the justice of the unjust west!79 But, all these pseudo-powers must know that above their injustice is God’s Justice that they cannot avoid.

As it was mentioned above, the west also created another artificial nation “Skopje”, between Greece and Serbia. What is Skopje’s purpose and its role in the future of the region? To this nation, they have the audacity to give the name “Democracy of Macedonia”. They have no right to confiscate Greek names and symbols, and counterfeit the History.80 It is immoral, unethical, and anti-scientific for the west, who claim experts in all sciences (have deify science), to counterfeit the true history. Societies cannot be founded on lies. The absolute knowledge is only the absolute truth. The truth must be above the current corruption, distortion, and apostasy. The ex-President of the U.S. (George Bush) recognized this artificial nation the same night that he won for the second term the election, with Greek-Americans’ votes, too (November 2004), as “Macedonia”. Greece has reacted to this injustice from her best ally and she vetoed Skopje’s entrance to NATO and EU. Nicholas Burns, the ex-U.S. ambassador in Greece and undersecretary of foreign affairs, had the great insolence to say that “it would be shame for Greece to provide a veto for Macedonia”.81 These declarations by Mr. Burns are unacceptable and Greek leaders have to stand up and defend their country’s and citizens’ rights and their seven thousand-year old true history. The rest absurdities from wherever they come have no value.82

In 2008, a large international conference took place in Cologne, Germany, against the Mussulmanization (Islamization) of Europe.83 The local Muslim community wanted to build a huge mosque in the center of the city and people and politicians from allover EU reacted against this request. Europe is receiving millions of Muslims annually from Asia (Greece was just liberated from Muslim Turks in 1821) and Africa and its Christian faith and culture is diluted. The president of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPO) Heinz-Christian Strache made a declaration, which is very important for Christian Europe and said to Muslim visitors, if they do not accept the laws and the rules of Europe, they are undesirable. About 150 European politicians from EU were at this summit and more than 1,500 delegates were participated, over 100 TV channels, radio stations, and Newspapers’ reporters were covering the event.84 Also, elections to the European parliament were held in the 27 member-states of the EU between June 4 and 7, 2009, where 736 members and 18 observers were elected. Europeans showed their discontent to this political and monetary union by avoiding to vote. The turnout was only 42.94%.85 Greeks reacted the same way, against the European elections, due to EU’s interventions and its negative effects on Greece, especially, now, with the debt crisis.

 

 

V. EPILOGUE

 

We tried to give a small summary of the recent history and the political economy of the oldest nation-member of the EU, the “chosen by God’s Providence” nation, the historic and Orthodox Greece. In this European integration and in the world economy the interdependence is highly asymmetric and unfair, with substantial negative processes that work mainly to the detriment of most of the countries, especially the small and peculiar ones. The autarkic societies in the past had been led almost to success (at least in full employment, happiness, homogeneity, independence, safety, security, and preservation of the indigenous cultures), but the current economic system with the competitive advantage and the loss of manufacturing, reduction in agriculture, and enormous debts is against self-sufficiency (autarky) and insensible to small businesses. It encourages interdependence (unilateral dependency), forces (imposes) free but unfair trade (based on competitive advantage, exploitation of labor, and dumping), sale-offs of state-own enterprises, and augments uncertainty for the future of this falling world. The first results were shown during the 2007-2008 financial crises, the deep recessions of 2009-2010, and the enormous social cost of unemployment and loss of wealth. There is no need for someone to be an economist to understand these basic economic rules or a historian to avoid the same mistakes of the past or a philosopher to conceive these social problems or a prophet to predict the future of our world,86 if we allow the current trend to continue.

The historic, economic, and social indicators reveal that Greece from a moral, ethical, just, independent, and self-sufficient society, after her European integration is becoming less and less competitive and more and more contaminated from all these foreign influences;87 and EU is becoming less friendly with its members (especially the small ones) and the rest of the world.88 European Union (the forced integration of 27 nations, without referenda) will prove that it is the worst “innovation” in human history. It is a mixture of twenty seven nations without domestic public policies, without self-determination, without sovereignty, and of course, without any future.89 All these strange evolutions have increase the global uncertainty, have caused unemployment and recessions in EU90 and in Greece; have reduced competitiveness, and have augment anxiety and health problems (mental and physical) to citizens. The free-market system has failed and needs more government regulation and better corporate governance. Governments had to bailout a corrupted financial system, especially when the budget deficits and the national debts are astronomical. But, they had no other option, except to “rob responsible [citizens] and pay the robbers of the financial market”.91 Then, what are the social benefits of our socio-economic system? Why we need these global changes, “innovations”, and “evolutions”, which are against humanity? What are the social benefits of the European Union and the EMU?

In summary, the European economies that copy U.S., had the last thirty years, two major problems; overconsumption (underproduction and waste of resources) and lack of savings (dis-saving and borrowing or spendthrift). These trends cause current account deficits and capital account surpluses, tremendous public and private debts, which affect the financial markets, the interest rates, the oil prices, the inflation, and the growth (employment). We must learn that we cannot live beyond our means indefinitely, as Greeks never did it before, but not anymore. Actually, there is a vicious cycle in the economy. Without an investment in sustainable development, EU will lose the competitiveness race. Greece does not need any austerity measures, but she needs reduction in taxes, increases in wages and salaries, and more investment for the country to grow. Of course, the people who have stolen any money from the government must go to jail and their properties must be confiscated. The Chinese “invasion” is a serious threat for Europe. The global uncertainty, the illegal migration,92 and the other domestic problems, due to integration and globalization are going to change our economic system (many economic laws do not hold anymore) to “integr-onomics” or “glob-onomics” and “shock-onomics”. The only prediction that we can do for the future, after the current financial crisis, the deep recession, and the unbearable unemployment problems, due to illegal immigration (wooden horse inside the country), is that this new socio-economic system will be the last in Greece’s thousand years old moral socio-economic history, except if she will decide to go back to a value oriented system, which was her tradition. These corrupted people in financial markets, in politics, in education, in media, and everywhere need some knowledge in value-oriented Greek-Orthodox welfare economics, business ethics, and way of life.

Lastly, we (especially Greeks) must be aware that we are undergoing changes in our financial, economic, geopolitical, cultural, political, spiritual, and risk contexts and we must be sensitive and act with attention to these changes. Russia is not an enemy of the west, west is actually an enemy for Russia and the rest of the world. Atheist and Muslim Asia may be proven to be a future “enemy” for the entire west, the EU and the US. We cannot be opportunists and we cannot be danger-speakers, but realists, altruists, humanists, and truthful. “From the start, the construction of Europe was an extravagant political idea designed to imprison the nations of Europe into an 'ever closer' union of states.”93 The best will be to reassess the need to move forward with the union or to hold back. Holding back might preserve whatever remains of each state’s sovereignty and culture. We do not need any type of integrations or common currency and of course we do not want to have a supra-nationality, as a minority of people (and they are non-Europeans) believes, but it has louder voice, powerful control, and global influence than the majority. In recent years, citizens of Greece, Europe, and of the U.S. have shown their disappointment in and apprehensions for whom to vote.94 They try to elect the least evil in their questionable and immoral “democracies”. The elected representatives are unable to act in favor of their countries’ interest.95 Their corruptive practices have become a national way of life. In EU there are different Europeanized domestic parties that all have the same beliefs and objectives, to ignore their countries;96 and they have created a class of citizens through favoritism and job offering to them that these voters support and fight for these parties. Territorial changes and political upheavals, as well as a public sense of lost identity and a public loss of faith in the government and all their leaders have become citizens’ every day problems. Euro-communism is doing relatively better in EU (and in Greece is terrorizing businesses and universities) than in Russia, now. All these can have a profound negative effect on individual country-members and on the current interdependence between the EU and its members. But, the current problem is to recover from the financial crisis and its recession, and to send illegal immigrants back to their countries of origin, which seems as a very long process. Of course, Greeks have a big obligation towards their history and ancestors, who have created their civilization, the Hellenic-Orthodox one, which is unique on earth for those who have cultivated their intellect and are able to do objective comparisons.

 

 

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1 They placed in power, as prime minister, from nowhere, Kostas Simitis (Semite) to put Greece to the EMU, without a referendum, to cause the gray zones in Aegean (Imia island), and to contribute to the redistribution (loss) of wealth in the Stock Exchange. He was “successful” in all these objectives (sic).

2 At the day of the fall of Constantinople (end of the Byzantine Empire), people show a red cloud leaving the dome of Hagia Sophia; an indication that the grace of God abandoned them.

3 See, Roberts (1997, p. 1).

4 See, Blum, Cameron, and Barnes (1970, p. 1032).

5 See, Kallianiotis (2009a).

6 From 0.8525 $/€ (October 2000), the euro appreciated to 1.6001 $/€ (April 2008); an appreciation by +87.70%. (Bloomberg.com). Lately, due to the enormous deficits and debts in the Euro-zone (PIIGS), the overvalued euro started to depreciate and reached 1.2218 $/€ (5/26/2010). It became 1.4062 $/€ on October 14, 2010, and fell again to 1.3923 on October 21, 2010. (Bloomberg.com).

7 A French court sentenced nine men to prison for belonging to an Islamist group accused of plotting bombings. (The Wall Street Journal, October 24, 2008, p. A1).

8 Anarchists from different European countries are often going to Greece demonstrating with Greek anti-government groups, burning, looting, and hitting policemen. (TV News ALTER, MEGA, and ALPHA, December 5, 6, and 7, 2009).

9 Turkey has started a war against Greece by smuggling thousands of Muslims to wipe out her Hellenic-Orthodox identity. TV News ALPHA, June 22, 2009.

 

10 Christians have been divided in many denominations, leaving the tradition of the First Church. Even the official Greek Orthodox Church has become schismatic since 1924. The largest Christian denominations among 37,000 total Christian churches, in 2005, world-wide membership, were (in millions): Roman Catholics: 1,120; Orthodox: 220; Anglicans: 80; Lutheran World Federation: 80; World Methodist Council: 70; and Presbyterians: 60. See, The Wall Street Journal, September 20, 2007, p. A1.

11 The EU and the European media have started an anti-Greek propaganda against her economy and social structure, pressing her to say “yes” to Turkey’s acceptance into the EU. (Bloomberg.com, December 8, 2009).

12 See, Kallianiotis (2006).

13 See, Ignatius Kapnisis, The Messiah and His Enemies, Thessalonica, Greece, 1991, p. 36, for Ben-Gurion’s plans for the world during his political campaign on January 16, 1962.

14 Twenty two provinces constitute a uniform and independent Ireland, while six provinces of the North Ireland remain part of England, even today.

15 See, Stavros Karkaletsis, e-grammes.gr, May 13, 2007.

16 See, Viault (1990, pp. 517-529).

17 As the time is passing, this integration reveals itself; it is actually the predecessor of globalization (=the global slavery).

18 Does this remind the Biblical Babel or not? With all these confusions of languages and cultures, this “construction” would have no good future.

19 From polls, 83.3% of Greeks are against the Euro-Constitution. (e-grammes.gr, 5/4/2009).

20 On March 25, 1957, two treaties were signed in Rome that gave birth to the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom): the Treaties of Rome. The signatories of this agreement were Christian Pineau on behalf of France, Joseph Luns from the Netherlands, Paul Henri Spaak from Belgium, Joseph Bech from Luxemburg, Antonio Segni from Italy, and Konrad Adenauer from the Federal Republic of Germany. The Treaties were ratified by National Parliaments over the following months and came into force on January 1, 1958. (http://www.historiasiglo20.org/europe/traroma.htm).

21 President of the Hellenic Republic was Constantinos Karamanlis and Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou. Thus, despite his radical rhetoric before the elections, Papandreou did not remove Greece from NATO and the EU. In internal affairs, Papandreou's government introduced several radical, liberal, and anti-Greek reforms (legalization of civil wedding, new family law, nationalization of certain private companies, abolition of the multi-accent system of the 4,000 years old Greek language, etc.), which led Greece to today’s multi-crisis in every aspect of life.

22 The people of Norway voted against membership to the Union and if there were referenda in other countries, the EU would have less than half of its current members.

23 “Many Europeans were influenced by developments in the United States. Rock music, blue jeans, the cult of the automobile and coca-cola were obvious signs of the phenomenon sometimes labeled the ‘Americanisation’ of Europe.” See, Tipton and Aldrich (1987b, p. 197).

24 But, as we see every day in EU country-members, demonstrations and burnings of the EU=s flag are going on, showing citizens= opposition to this artificial monetary-political union.

25 Margaret Thatcher had said that she denyed to surrender its country to the EMU even though that she was pressed by the Bilderberg Club. (The Spot Light, July 10, 1995). <<Giav mevna ei\nai timhv hJ ajpovrriyivmou ajpov thvn Levsch Mpivntelmpergk. {Opoio~ decqh`/ nav paradwvsh/ sthvn Levsch thvn aujtokuriarciva th`~ Cwvra~ tou, ei\nai ejklektov~, ajlliw`~ ajporrivptetai ... Qevsh th`~ Levsch~ ei\nai nav uJpobaqmistou`ntav [Eqnh kai; nav uJpavrxh/ miva Neva Pagkovsmia Tavxh Pragmavtwn, ajllav qav ajpotuvcoun. Mev paramev-risan giativ ajrnhvqhka nav paradwvsw thvn kuriarciva th`~ Bretaniva~ sthvn Eujrwpai>khv {Enwsh, pouv
ajpotelei` tov ajparaivthto bh`ma th`~ Levsch~ giav thvn dhmiourgiva mia`~ Pagkovsmia~ Kubevrnhsh~...>>
(dhvlwsh th`~ prwvhn prwqupourgou` th`~ Bretaniva~ Mavrgkaret Qavtser sthvn ejfhmerivda The Spot Light, 10/7/1995). {Ora, Boanergev~, jAr. Teuvcou~ 45, Septevmbrio~- jOktwvbrio~ 2009, s. 93.

26 Unemployment rate or the real GDP growth is not part of the criteria for the EMU. What type of social policy is this Treaty?

27 Three states, Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City, have signed formal agreements with the EU to use the euro and to mint their own coins. However, although they have formally adopted the euro and mint coins, they are not considered part of the euro-zone by the ECB and do not have a seat in the ECB or Euro Group. Several other countries have officially adopted the euro as their sole currency, such as Andorra, Kosovo, and Montenegro, without even an agreement. These states are also not considered part of the official euro-zone by the ECB, however in some usage, the term euro-zone is applied to all such states and territories that have adopted the euro as their sole currency. What a paradox fabrication is this union?

28 Because of the existence of a good balance among the three different sectors of the economy (agriculture, manufacture, and service) and its self-sufficiency.

29 See, Roberts (1996, p. 205).

30 See, International Economic Trends, August 2003, p. 3; July 2004, p. 5; and November 2004, p. 3.

31 See, Kallianiotis (2009b).

32 See, Kallianiotis (2004 and 2005).

33 This is a lengthy document of 271 pages. The future of Europeans will be very dark and uncertain because this treaty overrides the national constitutions. See, Europa, Official Journal of the European Union, C 306, Volume 50, 17 December 2007.

34 TV News ANTENNA and ERT, October 19, 2007. Also, “Reform treaty finalized in Lisbon, Europa.eu, European Commission, 10/19/2007.

35 Tov Koinotikov Divkaio e[cei probavdisma ajkovmh kai; ejn scevsei mev tov Suvntagma tw`n cwrw`n-melw`n.
JH JEllav~ kai; hJ Kuvpro~ cavnoun tav~ qevsei~ tw`n monivmwn jEpitrovpwn, tav~ oJpoiva~ e[coun eij~ thvn
Komisiovn. Tevlo~, hJ <<rhvtra ajmoibaiva~ sundromh`~>> devn kaluvptei thvn JEllavda kai; thvn Kuvpron eij~perivptwsin ejpiqevsew~ th`~ Tourkiva~ ejnantivon cwvra~-mevlou~ th`~ EE. See, e-grammes.gr, December 13, 2007.

36 See, The Wall Street Journal, April 2, 2008, p. A1.

37 Europeans were and still are against the creation of the EU and EMU without their approval. In June 1992; Danish voters narrowly reject the Maastricht Treaty, which made the creation of the euro currency possible. A revote in May 1993 approved the treaty with a very small margin. In September 2000, Danes voted against adopting the euro currency. In June 2001, Irish voters rejected the Treaty of Nice, which adjusted EU voting rules for the EU’s coming expansion from 15 to 25, and later 27 members. A revote in October 2002 approved the treaty in the margin. In May 2005, French voter rejected EU’s draft constitution. Key concerns were French sovereignty, the EU’s “ultra-liberal” free-market policies, and unhappiness with then-President Jacques Chirac. In June 2005, Dutch voters rejected the constitution. See, The Wall Street Journal, June 12, 2008, pp. A1 and A12.

38 Polls showed that 83.3% of Greeks are against the European Constitution. (e-grammes.gr, 5/4/2009). From December 1, 2009, the European Constitution (Lisbon treaty) would be in effect, which overrides the domestic constitutions of the country-members. (The Wall Street Journal, November 4, 2009, p. A1).

39 This is not true at all. Inflation in many Euro-zone country-members is very high, as it happened with Greece, too.

40 The cost of capital for Greece reached 17%, while in Germany was 3%. This high spread shows that the EMU has not helped at all country-members to receive cheaper credit.

41 See, Hill (1998, p. 65). The country-members’ legislative power has moved from their parliaments to the EU. Their executive power from their ministries to the ECOFIN and EU, and their judiciary power is completely controlled, due to globalization and “terrorism” (sic). Then, Europeans and especially Greeks have to react to this “enslavement” or to cry on the ruins of their thousand years old culture, education, and history of their nations, but the current generation is responsible for the future ones and they have no right to make these types of mistakes.

42 TV News MEGA, May 8, 2005. In 2010, the tax became for individuals, as follows: The first 243.600 Euros of the 'objective value' of the property is not subject to tax. Any value of the property beyond 243.600 Euros is subject to tax according to a scale ranging from 0.3% to 0.8%.

43 TV News MEGA, September 14, 2005. With today trend, the owner will become soon only the maintenance of an asset (home) that belongs to the state (by paying rent as property tax) and to the bank (mortgage) for thirty years. This banks’ ownership of housing has caused the current financial crisis. It looks like a confiscation of the real assets through high property taxes.

44 In the past the “mad cow” disease and lately, the chicken flu was creating many problems to this sector of agriculture. TV News ERT, MEGA, ANTENNA, and ALTER, February 19, 2006. This cow feed, which caused the disease, was imported from India by Britain and it was grinding corpses.

45 See also, Fact Sheet, Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, Washington, D.C., January 12, 2006 (statelists@state.gov).

46 China offered on October 2, 2010 to buy Greek government bonds when Athens resumes issuing, in a show of support for the country whose debt burden pushed the euro zone into crisis and required an international bailout. Premier Wen Jiabao made the offer at the start of a two-day visit to Greece, his first stop on a tour of Europe, and also said he wanted to boost shipping and trade ties with Athens, underscoring Beijing's use of economic strength to win friends. Wen said, "China will undertake a great effort to support euro zone countries and Greece to overcome the crisis." China, at loggerheads with the United States over the yuan and likely to face similar complaints during this European tour, emphasised its willingness to cooperate with the 27-nation EU on financial issues. "China is prepared, hand in hand with the EU, as passengers in the same boat, to strengthen cooperation ... to confront the financial crisis," Wen said. "China will set up a special Greek-Chinese shipping development fund for Greek shipowners on which it will invest, in an initial phase, $5 billion." "The aim is to offer Greek shipowners a basket of financial support to buy Chinese-made vessels." Greece and China pledged to stimulate investment in a memorandum of understanding and private companies signed a dozen deals in areas like shipping, construction and tourism. Chinese investment represents a very minor proportion of this, excluding a 35-year concession deal China's Cosco signed in 2008 to turn the port of Piraeus into a regional hub for a guaranteed amount of 3.4 billion euros, according to port authority figures. http://www.cnbc.com/id/39476000/UPDATE_6_China_s_Wen_offers_to_buy_Greek_debt

47 The official name of this tiny state, before usurp the name “Macedonia”, was Vardarska. This must be its name today. The name “Macedonia” is Greek and represents the area of North Greece; then, it cannot be used as the name of this Albano-Bulgaro-Greco-Gypso-Slavic little state. See, Kallianiotis (1992).

49 See, Roberts (1997, p. 652).

50 Greece has three major political parties, but with the same imposed “new age” philosophy, which makes them as one party, the “communist-socialist-centrist” party ((kommounisto-PASOKo-kentrw`/oi).

51 TV News ALTER, November 24, 2008. From November 3, 2009 the seaport went to Cosco (Chinese firm) and workers were in strikes for many days. TV News ALTER, November 2, 2009.

52 See, Kallianiotis (2009b).

53 TV News MEGA, November 18, 2008.

54 Countries with strong agricultural sector are not afraid of financial crises; manufacturing is coming second; and services last and over-sweating. Countries have to be self-sufficient and in a state of autarky.

55 They are Portugal, Ireland, Italy, Greece, Great Britain, and Spain. The new austerity measures in Europe have led French, British, Greeks, Spanish, Italians, Irish, and many others to streets demonstrating against their governments. Britain detailed $127 billion in spending cuts over four years. French police cleared blockades of striking refinery workers as unions decide how long to continue protests against pension overhaul. Spain’s prime minister reshuffled his cabinet in the face of EU demands for tougher austerity measures. The Greek prime minister said that Greece cannot take more austerity measures because people already suffer. This is amazing for these anti-humane policies; how these nations are using austerity instead of stimulus during a recession? See, The Wall Street Journal, October 21, 2010, pp. A1, A8, and A13.

56 TV News ALPHA, November 26, 2008.

57 TV News ALTER, December 9, 2009. Unemployment is very high among young professional, too. Young lawyers are paid 400 euros per month and there are more than 20,000 lawyers in the area of Attica. (TV News ALPHA, November 30, 2008).

58 TV News ALTER, August 20, 2009.

59 The ministry of interior tried to privatize the garbage collection, but due to disagreement with the workers in the local government, the management of garbage will stay with the local city governments. (TV News ALTER, November 30, 2008). Now, Greece tries to privatize the Hellenic Railways Organization (OSE). The privatization plan is part of an austerity program called for by a 110 billion euro aid deal with the European Union and the International Monetary Fund, which projects revenue of 1 billion euros a year from privatizations for the 2011-13 period.

60 Sali Berisha said that, “Albania has changed during these years faster than ever. Once a country of the most notorious organised crime in Europe, Albania is today one of the safest and most secure countries of Europe where incidences of criminality are clearly below the NATO and EU average.” (Euronews.net/2009/04/07). Berisha opened the prisons and sent all the Albanian prisoners to Greece.

61 The cause of these problems is the Varied Wages. Hourly labor costs for the textile industry, as of 2004 were: France $19.82, Italy $18.63, U.S. $15.78, Slovakia $3.27, Turkey $3.05, Bulgaria $1.14, Egypt $0.88, Mainland China $0.49. (The Wall Street Journal, September 27, 2005, pp. A1 and A10).

62 TV News ANTENNA, September 12, 2005. The European Court imposed a fine of €2,000,000 and a daily penalty of €16,000 to Greek government because it was subsidizing the Olympic Airlines. (Newspaper Estia, July 8, 2009, p. 3). Greece has already privatized Olympic Airlines since March of 2009.

63 Greek politicians have proved after 1974 that they act against Greece’s interest. The current political crisis in Greece is unique in her entire long history.

64 See, Kallianiotis (1992).

65 Who are these powers behind Skopje? See,Giavnnh C. Kouriannivdh,<<Tov Makedonikov, tov Politikov Katesthmevno kai; tov Patriwtikov Kivnhma>> e-grammes.gr, November 4, 2007.

66 See, Roberts (1997, p. 652).

67 See, Chomsky (2004).

68 See, “EU Invites Turkey to Discuss Joining”, The Wall Street Journal, December 17, 2004, p. A13. Also, “EU Extends a hand to Turkey”, The Wall Street Journal, October 7, 2004, p. A16.

69 TV News ALTER, October 6, 2006.

70 TV News MEGA, ALPHA, and ALTER, January 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, 2009. Also, TV News ALTER, June 18 and 25, 2009.

71 TV News ANTENNA, October 13, 2004. Recently, 82.1% of Greeks are against Turkey’s entrance to EU. (e-grammes.gr, 5/4/2009).

72 Britain has caused immense suffering to Cyprus for hundreds of years and it is doing the same today, but they are members of the same union (sic). See, Vakalopoulos (1993). Also, England has shown its indifference and dislike towards Greece in many cases, as it happen in September 1922 with the destruction of Smyrna by Kemalist Turks. In September of 1922, Mustapha Kemal (Ataturk), the “victorious revolutionary leader” of Turkey, led his troops into Smyrna a predominantly Christian city, as a flotilla of 27 Allied warships (including 3 American destroyers) looked on. The Turks soon proceeded to indulge in an orgy of pillage, rape and slaughter that the western powers anxious to protect their oil and trade interests in Turkey, condoned by their silence and refusal to intervene. Turkish forces then set fire to the legendary city and totally destroyed it. There followed a massive cover-up by tacit agreement of the Western Allies. By 1923 Smyrna’s demise was all but expunged from historical memory. “The victims of the massacre -Greeks and Armenians- were estimated at 150,000. What was left of Smyrna was only its Turkish suburb. This very old and extremely beautiful Greek city had been founded in 3000 B.C. and restored by Alexander the Great. It used to be one of the most important economic centers of the Mediterranean. It used to be full of life and activity. It used to be prosperous. And now from one moment to the next it was turned into a dead city. To a huge pile of ruins which emitted smoke. Those of its inhabitants who escaped the massacre fled, ousted andmiserable,toGreece.” (U.S. Consul at Smyrna, George Horton).

73 The leader of Libya, Moamar Kandafi said, “Muslims all over the world are very happy for the acceptance of Turkey to EU because they can do whatever they want to Europe”. TV News ANTENNA, December 18, 2004 (during the period of European Summit).

74 See, “Guess Who’s Coming to Europe…”, The Wall Street Journal, October 6, 2004, p. A18

75 Argentina’s ex-president Carlos Menem was charged with illegally selling arms to Croatia in the 1990s. (The Wall Street Journal, November 29-30, 2008, p. A1).

76 On November 2, 2009, Albanians in Kosovo inaugurated a statue of Bill Clinton who went to war against Yugoslavia and helped Albanians to take over Kosovo from Serbs. (TV News ALTER, 11/2/2009).

77 Muslims are causing serious problems daily to Europe. Danish authorities arrested three people suspected of plotting to kill a cartoonist for his caricatures of Muhammad. (The Wall Street Journal, February, 2008, p. A1). On the other hand, Jesus Christ and Christianity are blasphemed by anyone without any reaction from European spiritual leaders. The PASOK government in Greece allows Muslims to build a mosque in Athens. This will be disastrous for Greece!

78 JH ajlbanikhv politikhv hJgesiva ajrnei`tai tov a[noigma tw`n JEllhnikw`n scoleivwn eij~ oJlovklhron thvn Bovreion [Hpeiron kai; o{pou ajllou` katoikou`n {Ellhne~: devn ajnagnwrivzei ajkovma thvn JEllhnikov-thta th`~ Ceimavra~ kai; tw`n katoivkwn th~: lehlatei` thvn politistikhv klhronomiav tw`n Boreiohpei-rwtw`n kai; periorivzei diktatorikav tiv~ politikev~ kai; oijkonomikev~ ejleuqerive~ tou~. (e-grammes.gr, 2/8/2007).

79 TV News ALPHA, November 29, 2008.

80 See, Kallianiotis (1992, 2010a, b, c, and d).

81 TV News, October 14, 2005. For this reason, people talk so disdainfully against politicians, today.

82 <<UiJoiv ajnqrwvpwn, e{w~ povte barukavrdioi; iJnativ ajgapa`te mataiovthta kai; yeu`do~; >> (Yalm. d v 3).

83 Muslims illegal immigrants in Athens started praying publically in the streets, creating serious problems to this Orthodox and homogeneous country. On November 16, 2010, they took over the area in front of the Athens University in Panepistimiou Street and showed their aggressiveness towards the hospital Hellas. The Greek State has to take serious measures towards these stranger actions by sending them back to their countries of origin, as EU is doing, otherwise Greece’ identity is in trouble. See, http://www.hellasontheweb.org/2009-05-25-15-24-30/2009-07-11-08-19-41/910-2010-11-17-14-05-22

84 The Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) is a national conservative political party in Austria. Its current leader is Heinz-Christian Strache. The party sees its roots in the "freedom values" of the Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas. In April 2005, former party leader Jorg Haider and other leading party members defected from the FPÖ to form a new party, the Alliance for the Future of Austria (BZÖ). EU country-members need national conservative parties who care for the well-being of their citizens. The radical liberal parties that are in power in most EU countries have destroyed European civilization and identity. See, Voanerges, No. 42, March-April 2008, pp. 86-87.

85 The turnout was very small for these elections; with the lowest in Slovakia 19.63% and the highest in Belgium and Luxembourg 91%; 17 country-members had a turnout less than 50%. See, Wikipedia, European Parliament Election, 2009.

86 It is a possibility to move to moon, now that they found water on it (sic). See, The Wall Street Journal, November 16, 2009, p. A1 and October 22, 2010, p. A1.

87 << \W [ JEllhnorqovdoxe], thvn parakataqhvkhn fuvlaxon, ejktrepovmeno~ tav~ bebhvlou~ kenofw-niva~ kai; ajntiqevsei~ th`~ yeudwnuvmou gnwvsew~, h{n tine~ ejpaggelovmenoi periv thvn pivstin hjstov-chsan.>> (Timovq. A v ~ v 20-21).

88 The U.S.A. was the biggest economic power in the world and is declining daily. It has more than $156.2 trillion debt (public and private). Greece was the biggest spiritual power on earth and is descending daily. We must grieve for the plight of these two nations and someone is responsible for this. The problem must be the bad and controlled leadership in these two “model” nations.

89 For example, in EU, 73.8% are against privatization, 80.9% are against Turkey’s entrance to EU, 83.6% are against Euro-constitution (Treaty of Lisbon), 71.6% want to go back to their previous national currencies, 71.5% of Greeks are in favor of vetoing Skopje’s (Vardarska’s) entrance to NATO and EU, Europeans are against the independence of Kosovo, and 86.1% of Greeks are against the marriage of homosexuals. (e-grammes.gr., different polls). Europeans are actually against these “anti-European creatures”, the EU and the EMU.

90 The main reason for unemployment in Europe is the illegal and uncontrolled immigration. Europe is in trouble to lose its thousands years old identity.

91 Dr. Shannon Grimes in Tahlequah Daily Press, September 25, 2008.

92 Muslims from Pakistan and other countries roused against Greek police in a march from Omonia to Syntagma Square in Athens, burning and destroying 75 cars, 10 stores, 1 bank and injured many policemen. This is the beginning of the Muslims’ reaction in Greece after her liberation from them in 1821. TV News ALPHA, May 23, 2009.

93 Serfaty (1996, p. 75) tells us a big truth without wanted to say it.

94 This is common in every day discussions because the U.S. had presidential elections on November 4, 2008, EU had European elections on June 7, 2009, and Greece had national elections on October 4, 2009. There was a lot of hope by Europeans on the new U.S. president, Barack Obama, but lately, his policies proved that he cannot do anything different; everything is controlled by the dark powers. During the European parliament elections, the turnout in Greece was 52.63% and for the entire EU was only 42.94%.

95 For this reason, voter turnout on Sunday November 14, 2010 hit record lows with just 34 percent in Athens and 45 percent nationally; figures that revealed popular discontent with the government. Also, Papandreou dropped a threat to call an early general election after the first round of voting November 7, and on Sunday promised his 13-month-old government would serve a full four-year term. http://www.stltoday.com/business/national-and-international/article_cd27f844-4919-56ce-b49c-608c9f9a938a.html

96 In Greece, the most of the political parties (Communists, Socialist, and centrists-N.D.) have the same ideology; are just agents of the “new age” movement.

 

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